Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also acknowledged as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 11th greatest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the greatest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), more than twice the size of Tucson and one particular of the greatest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural local community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a scorching desert climate. In spite of this, its canal technique led to a thriving farming local community with the authentic settler’s crops remaining important components of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were acknowledged locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city right up until soon after World War II, when large-tech companies started to move into the valley and air conditioning manufactured Phoenix’s scorching summers more bearable.
The city averaged a four % annual population development fee in excess of a forty–12 months period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development fee slowed for the duration of the Fantastic Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.